INTERESTING PLACES IN CAPE TOWN: VISIT ROBBEN ISLAND
Robben Island is situated in Table Bay , approximately 10 km north of Cape Town harbour and 5 km west of Bloubergstrand.
It is kidney-shaped with a rocky coastline and a a max length of 4,5 km and a diameter of 1,5 km, the narrowest part – 1 km wide. The total area is more than 550 hectares.
The highest part, Minto Hill on the southern side, is about 30 m above sea level.
The indigenous vegetation consisted mainly or reeds and shrubs up to 1892, when 24,000 seedling trees were planted. These trees multiplied and at present an area of two thirds of the Robben Island is covered by trees. The most important of these are blue gum, manatokka, Cyprus and rooikrans.
Due to absence of high mountains in the immediate vicinity, the average annual rainfall on the island is only 330 mm.
Of the large numbers of penguins and seals found here during earlier times, only a few are left. Seabirds however, are plentiful and especially during April and May, seagulls gather here in their thousands during the breeding season.
The other animals found here are all foreign to the Island and include deer, springbok, ostriches, steenbok, duikers, grysbok etc. Birds on Robben Island: guinea fowl, Indian fighting pheasants, Egyptian water geese, peacocks, partridges.
Ships which foundered on the Coast of Robben Island
In August 1666 particulars of ships were founded on Robben Island , when 1 of Jan van Riebeeck's ships, the Schapenjacht, struck the rocks in a strong north westerly wind.
During 1776, the Neieu Rhoon followed the Schapenjacht to a watery grave, and 17 years later the Dageraad foundered with a cargo of golf bards – never salvaged.
Other ships in Robben Island:
1856 Sea Eagle,
1901 Tantallon Castle,
1912 SS Natal,
1923 Golden Crown.
One of the main attraction for tourists in Cape Town: Robben Island
Robben Island have changed over from a political prison. It turned to a museum in 1997. Robben Island museum one can visit on scheduled tours. One can reach Robben Island on ferry - from Waterfront. Upon arrival to Robben Island tourist boards a tour bus that takes them to all places of interests in Robben Island, including prison where Nelson Mandela spent so many years.
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